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Psychotherapy Resources

It is widely recognized that mental health disorders are more widespread than ever before. An increasing number of people are coming forth to seek professional help.

What is psychotherapy?

Mental health practitioners use psychotherapy to change the thought processes and behavioral mechanisms of the patient. Applying extensively researched techniques, practitioners develop the patient’s coping skills and improve their overall quality of life.

It is important to note that Psychotherapy and Psychiatry aren't the same. read more

What happens during therapy ...

The therapist creates a neutral and supportive environment for the patient to openly discuss their worries and problems. The therapist pays attention to the nature of the symptoms expressed and offers solutions.

Diferrent aproaches to psychotherapy

The various approaches to psychotherapy are structured frameworks that help the therapist understand the clients’ problems and design the right treatment plan. A therapist may draw from one or more of these theories when forming a diagnosis.

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Psychoanalysis & Related Theories

This approach was first developed by Sigmund Freud and was subsequently employed by later researchers.

The working methodology of this approach is a close therapeutic relationship between the therapist and the client. Through dialogue, the client is encouraged to look within themselves and analyze their own behaviors to better get to know themselves.

Psychoanalysis is the most vigorous process in the spectrum of psychodynamic theory. Psychodynamic therapy is a treatment process that tries to delve into and unearth hidden or unconscious motivations behind certain moods and behaviors responsible for mental distress.

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Behavioural Therapy

This approach views all behaviors, both beneficial and distressing, as learned.

Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning was discovered by the Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov. This involves forming an association between previously unrelated stimuli. When the unrelated stimuli form an association, it becomes conditioned stimuli. For this association to occur, the unconditioned response and neutral stimuli should happen together. This attributes any change in behavior to 'learning'. If a behavior can be learned, it can also be unlearned (or altered)

Operant Conditioning

Another behavioral theory is the theory of operant conditioning suggested by E. L. Thorndike, which says that behavior is bound to be repeated if it is followed by positive consequences and avoided when followed by negative consequences. This suggests that an individual’s behavior is based on the consequences faced for that behavior.

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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

The cognitive-behavioral therapy, mostly used by therapists to deal with mental health disorders, focuses on an individual’s interconnected thought patterns and behaviors. The approach suggests that negative emotions and behaviors stem from maladaptive thinking not just of oneself, but of the world in general. This causes psychological distress. By changing their perspectives and thinking, one can change their moods and thus, behaviors.

There are plenty of variations, the earliest known therapies being REBT and CBT. The REBT, or Rational Emotive behavioral Therapy, advanced by Albert Ellis , theorizes that people deal with their surroundings based on existing notions about themselves and the world. If these notions are illogical or irrational, dysfunctional moods and behaviors occur. The therapy utilizes a technique called the ABC Technique of Irrational Beliefs, in which A stands for the activating objective event; B for beliefs or thoughts aroused by the event, which can be either rational or irrational; and C is the resulting emotion actually experienced.

Beck’s Cognitive Therapy focuses on negative schemas, thoughts, and errors in the client’s logic. The therapist encourages the patient to confront these beliefs and alter them to improve coping. The theory is mostly used to treat depression. Beck speaks of the Cognitive Triad: negative view of the Self, of the World, and of the Future; these are often default perceptions in a person suffering from depression

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Humanistic Therapy

This theory places the impetus on individual choice and respects subjective thoughts and decisions. It encourages people to make rational choices, which prompt personal development and boost confidence, while also teaching compassion and respect for others. This theory draws heavily from the philosophical concept of Humanism, which places human expression and experience at the centre. It offers a positive outlook on the free and rational individual response, rather than on conditioned behavior. There are three prominent varieties of this theory: the Client-centric therapy that works with the client’s subjective opinions and experiences instead of dismissing them; the Gestalt theory that prioritizes mindfulness and living in the present moment and accepting full responsibility for the self; and the Existential therapy that focuses on the search for meaning in life, freedom, and individual responsibility to improve the future.

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